Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual can function effectively and give back to their community as needed. Mental health is more than the absence of mental illness. It also implies a degree of mental and emotional equilibrium.
The majority of individuals who suffer from mental health issues do not require highly intensive therapy or hospitalization. The majority of people with mental health issues can be cured with the appropriate level of support and attention. Mental illness, on occasion, may become so serious that additional intensive treatment is required.
There are many different types of mental health disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. The most common mental health disorders include:
Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders have intense, chronic, and persistent fear and worry. They may also have physical symptoms such as sweating, palpitations, and difficulty breathing.
Depression: Depression is characterized by feelings of sadness, worthlessness, and hopelessness. People with depression may also have physical symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss or gain, and sleep problems.
Bipolar disorder: Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme mood swings from highs (mania) to lows (depression). People with bipolar disorder may also have physical symptoms such as sleep problems and changes in appetite.
Eating disorders: Eating disorders are characterized by abnormal eating habits that can lead to severe weight loss or gain. People with eating disorders may also have physical symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, and heart problems.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): Obsessions (repetitive, distressing thoughts) and compulsions (repetitive behaviours or mental actions that a person believes they are compelled to perform) are two of the most common forms of obsessive-compulsive behaviour. People with OCD may have physical symptoms such as tiredness, muscular tension, and insomnia.
Mental health disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Biological factors: Mental health disorders can be caused by changes in the brain or genes.
Environmental factors: Mental health disorders can be caused by exposure to trauma, stress, or other environmental factors.
Psychological factors: Mental health disorders can be caused by psychological factors such as low self-esteem, negative thinking, and poor coping skills.
Treatment for mental health disorders can vary depending on the type and severity of the disorder. Treatment may include medication, psychotherapy, or going to the hospital.